Corns and calluses are regions of thickened skin that occur to shield that location from pressure and irritation. They will develop when something such as a shoe rubs against the foot repeatedly or brings about excessive pressure against an area of the foot. It is called a callus commonly if the thickening of skin takes place on the bottom of the foot. If thickening takes place on the top of the foot or toe it's usually referred to as a corn. Having said that, there is quite a lot of overlap between a corn and a callus. They are not transmittable but could grow to be painful if they become too thick. In individuals with diabetes this can lead to more severe foot problems, so that they need to be given serious attention.
Corns commonly happen where a toe rubs on inside of the footwear or there is a toe deformity. Too much force on the balls of the foot, that is common in women who frequently use high heels might cause calluses to develop under the balls of the foot. Those with certain deformities of the foot, including hammer toes, claw toes, or hallux valgus are prone to corns and calluses. Corns and calluses usually have a rough dull looking appearance. They could be raised or rounded and without proper examination, they can be challenging to differentiate from verruca. Should you have a corn or callus that may be causing pain and discomfort or interfering with your day to day activities then it is most likely a good idea to visit a podiatrist. This can be even more important for those who have diabetes or poor blood circulation. The podiatrist should perform a thorough assessment of the feet as well as your shoes and evaluate the way you walk to determine the reason why you have the corns and callus. For mild corns or calluses they could propose varying your shoes and use padding in your shoes. If they are more substantial, then your podiatrist might decrease them with a scalpel to cautiously and skilfully shave away the thickened skin. Additional treatments may be required if the corn or callus happen again.